Literary Elements & Reading Strategies

8th Grade Literary Elements & Reading Strategies


Notes are available for download at the bottom of the page.

Reading Strategies

 Before Reading:
  • Set a purpose for reading
  • Preview the text
    • Learn about a text before really reading it.
  • Contextualizing
    • Placing a text in its historical, biographical, and cultural contexts.
  • Activate background knowledge
  • Predict
During Reading:
  • Annotating a text
  • Make comments on the text
  • Connect background knowledge to information in the text
  • Determine the author's purpose
  • Predict and confirm
  • Visualize the text
  • Questioning to understand and remember
  • Infer and evaluate
  • Think about explicit and implicit information
  • Stop and review
  • Reread
After Reading:
  • Retell and summarize
  • Draw conclusions
  • Discuss and respond
  • Write to support understanding
  • Reflecting on challenges to your beliefs and values
  • Compare and contrast related readings to understand them better
  • Evaluate arguments
    • Testing the logic of a text as well as its credibility and emotional impact.

Literary Elements

  • Character
  • Setting
  • Conflict
  • Plot
  • Point of View
  • Tone 
  • Mood
  • Flashback
  • Foreshadow
  • Suspense 
  • Irony
  • Allusion
  • Symbolism
  • Theme
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