Wetlands Scavenger Hunt

DIRECTIONS:  Answer the following questions using your book or the links provided in the questions.  Write your answers on the sheet provided.

1.  What image does the word "wetland" bring to mind?  Without looking at the internet or your book, describe what you envision.

2.  Now study the wetland pictures on this webpage and in your book on page 60.  Based on your observations, describe what you see.  How was your original image similar or different?

3.  "If a duck can paddle in it, it's a wetland.  If a duck can waddle in it, it's not."  Defining a wetland is not that simple, so what exactly is a wetland?  Write the textbook's definition found on page 59.

4.  In order for an area to be considered a wetland, it must must meet three criteria.  Describe the three basic components of wetlands:.
    GROUNDWATER
    HYDRIC SOILS
    SPECIALIZED VEGETATION

5.  There are several different types of wetlands.  Describe the following FRESHWATER wetlands:
    BOG
    MARSH
    SWAMP

6.  Humans have a huge impact on our environment.  Name and explain two human activities that have caused destruction to wetland habitats.

7.  Did you know that Illinois was once home to a vast amount of wetlands?  How much of our state's wetlands have been lost?

8.  Everglades National Park is in Florida (see page 63 in your book for a map).  Where is it geographically located in Florida?

9.  Some of the plans to restore the Everglades will require millions of dollars and will negatively affect local farmers.  What information would you want to have to help choose the best plan for saving the Everglades?

10.  Many people have come to appreciate the importance of preserving and maintaining wetland habitats.  Why are wetlands valuable?  Name three reasons.  You can also look here and here.

11.  Some foods that many people eat are grown in wetland environments.  Read about them here.  Name one and write an interesting fact about it.

12.  Wetlands serve as habitats for some really amazing creatures.  Do a web search of wetland animals.  Choose your favorite and explain why you find it interesting.
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